Showing posts with label Turkmenistan. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Turkmenistan. Show all posts

Monday, 11 May 2015

The Buried Fortress Town of Gonur Tepe in Turkmenistan

During the first half of the 2nd millennium BC, a civilization was established in the ancient delta of the Murghab River, on the southeastern edge of a territory famous then as Turkestan. This Bronze Age site is recognized as Gonur Tepe, a civilization that flourished before being buried by time, and discovered later on in present day Turkmenistan. In the seventh millennium BC, Murgab River became the place where first agricultural settlements started to appear. The site was called “Margush” in Old Iranian texts and “Margiana” in Greek. The Margiana region has an area of 3000 square kilometers, housing 70 oasis and 150 settlements. Gonur Tepe (or Gonur Depe) became the capital, serving as the administrative and religious center, and also a trade hub of the Margiana region. Nothing much was recognized about the complex of Gonur Tepe until 1972 when the Margiana Archaeological Expedition directed by the Greek-Russian archaeologist Victor Sarianidi discovered the fortress town. In this expedition, it was revealed that “Gonur Tepe” was a rectangular fortress with defensive walls, semicircular bastions, and adobe buildings. 

A palace and temples with fire altars dedicated to the Zoroastrian religion were also discovered. Archeologist Sarianidi explained that Gonur Tepe is the 5th oldest civilization on Earth and was the birthplace of Zoroastrianism.Other discoveries included the extensive irrigation systems similar to the ones found in Egypt, models of two-wheeled carts, and silver and gold artifacts. 

The artifacts discovered on-site suggest that the town of Gonur Tepe had craftsmen who could mold metal and create materials for cult worship. Besides metal, the craftsmen also did bone and stone carvings.Sarianidi also found out what appears to be the boiler for the soma, a ritual drink known to give immortality mentioned in the Rigveda and also known as haoma in the Avesta. Dishes with traces of cannabis, poppy, and ephedrine were also found, which led to the theory that these were the ingredients of the immortality drink soma. 

Therefore; in 2009, a royal tomb was excavated in which remains of dogs, a cart with bronze-rimmed wheels, and a large bronze cauldron were discovered. Although getting to Gonur Tepe is not an easy task. You will have to need to hire a 4WD that will take you through a road that follows the Kara Kum Channel from Mary, Turkmenistan. The trip to “Gonur Tepe”  is a three hour drive from Mary.

Monday, 20 May 2013

The Door to Hell A burning natural gas field in Derweze Turkmenistan

The Door to Hell is a natural gas field in Derweze which is also called Darwaza, actual meaning is"gate", Ahal Province, Turkmenistan. The Door to Hell is noted for its natural gas firing which has been burning incessantly since 1971 as it was lit by Soviet petrochemical scientists, fed by the rich natural gas deposits in the area. The pungent smell of burning sulfur permeates the area for some distance. The field is located near the Derweze village in the middle of the Karakum Desert, about 260 kilometers north from Ashgabat. The gas reserve found here is one of the largest in the world. The name, "Door to Hell", was given to the field by the locals, referring to the fire, boiling mud and orange flames in Derweze's large crater with a diameter of 230 ft. Source: Charismatic Planet