Sunday, 5 October 2014

Batura Muztagh is Ultra peak of 7,388 meter in Pakistan



Batura Muztagh is Ultra peak of 7,388 meter, and a sub-range of the Karakoram Range in Hunza Valley, GB Pakistan. It is ranked 70th highest peak of world and 31st highest peak in Pakistan.  Moreover Ultar Sar is the southeastern most foremost peak of the Batura Muztagh, a sub range of the Karakoram range. It lies about ten kilometers northeast of the Karimabad, a town on the Karakoram Highway in the Hunza Valley, part of the Gilgit District of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. Batura Muztagh has notable features and climbing history. 

Though it is not one of the highest peaks of the Karakoram, Ultar Sar is notable for its exciting rise above local terrain. Its south flank rises over 17,388 feet above the Hunza River near Karimabad, in only about 10 km of horizontal distance. Combined with its strategic position at the end of the Batura Muztagh, with the Hunza River bending around it, this makes Ultar a visually striking peak.

Ultar Sar also gained fame in the 1990s as supposedly the world's highest unclimbed independent peak. This was improper, as Gangkhar Puensum in Bhutan is higher, and remains unclimbed in 2007. Moreover; two other higher peaks are also reputedly unclimbed and of independent stature. However that perception did increase to the appeal of the peak, and a numeral of expeditions attempted to climb it. Therefore during the 1980s and 1990s over 15 expeditions made attempts, resulting in no success, but in a number of fatalities; the peak proved to be quite tough.

The first two ascents were made in July 1996 by two separate Japanese expeditions, the first from the Tokai section of the Japanese Alpine Club led by Akito Yamazaki who summited, but unluckily died on the descent and the second led by Ken Takahashi. The first summit team consists of Yamazaki and Kiyoshi Matsuoka who also died one year later on the adjacent peak Bublimotin. They climbed the peak from the southwest in alpine style, doing much of the climbing at night to evade danger from falling rock and ice. After their successful summit, they faced strong storms and bivouaced several days without food before returning to basecamp.

Nevertheless, Akihito Yamazaki died at basecamp of an internal disease due to the relentless stress of climbing. The 2nd summit team comprised Takahashi and 4 others: Masayuki Ando, Ryushi Hoshino, Wataru Saito, and Nobuo Tsutsumi. They climbed the south ridge. Then after 1996, there have been no recorded ascents of the peak.

Dunn River Falls Jamaica



The Dunn's River Falls is one of the best natural treasures in Jamaica. Cascading water sparkles in the Jamaican sunlight and is fenced by lush, tropical plants and trees. What makes Jamaica Dunn's River Falls so wonderful? The moving water, very rich in natural minerals created steps down the length of the river, giving the Dunn's River Falls a distinctive shape. Few of these terraces are so wide that small lagoons have actually formed; generating pockets of sapphire water. It is one of the most lovely tourist attractions in summer due to its natural Jacuzzi. This is great spa town located in Tuscany in north-central Italy that has been populated since ancient times. It lies approximately 23 miles northeast of Orbetello and the coast. 

Well, adjacent to the village, 800 liters per second of sulphurous water at 37 °C gushes over a waterfall and down into a cascade of natural pools formed by the deposition of calcareous rock from evaporation of the water. Dunn’s River Falls are mainly fed by spring water, which is rich with calcium carbonate and is depositing travertine. This type of waterfalls is described by geologists as "a living phenomenon" because they’re incessantly rebuilt by the sediments in spring water. Dunn's River Falls is one of the very uncommon travertine waterfalls in the world that empties directly into the sea.
Well, climbing the waterfalls is a widespread tourist activity and is often, but not exclusively, performed with the help of tour guides from the park. It takes about one and half hours to climb with short breaks for photos and video recordings taken by the guides. The falls are bordered by lush, green vegetation that shades the area from the sun and saves the area, and climbers, cool. The climb can be comparatively tough so is often undertaken as a hand-holding human chain led by a guide to make it easier.

Saturday, 4 October 2014

Grand Prismatic Spring United States



If you visit Yellowstone National Park, then you must go to the Grand Prismatic Spring, which is the largest hot spring in the US, and the third largest in the world, after Frying Pan Lake in New Zealand and Boiling Lake in Dominica. Yellowstone is home to thousands of thermal features and Grand Prismatic Spring is one of them, it is about 250 by 300 feet in size and is 160 feet deep. The spring discharges an estimated 560 US gallons of 160 °F water per minute. It is located in the Midway Geyser Basin. In 1871, it was noted by geologists working in the Hayden Geological Survey, and named by them for its prominent coloration. Because its colors match the rainbow dispersion of white light by an optical prism: red, orange, yellow, green, and blue.

The first records of the spring are from early European explorers and surveyors. In 1839, a group of fur trappers from the American Fur Company crossed the Midway Geyser Basin and made note of a "boiling lake", most likely the Grand Prismatic Spring, with a diameter of 300 feet. In 1870 the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition visited the spring, noting a 50-foot geyser nearby Excelsior. The gorgeous vivid colors in the spring are the result of pigmented bacteria in the microbial mats that grow around the edges of the mineral-rich water.

The bacteria produce colors ranging from green to red; the amount of color in the microbial mats depends on the ratio of chlorophyll to carotenoids and on the temperature of the water which favors one bacterium over another. In the summer season, the mats likely to be orange and red, while in the winter season the mats are generally dark green. The center of the pool is sterile due to intense heat. The deep blue color of the water in the center of the pool results from the intrinsic blue color of water, itself the result of water's selective absorption of red wavelengths of visible light. However this effect is responsible for making all large bodies of water blue, it is mainly penetrating in Grand Prismatic Spring because of the high purity and depth of the water in the middle of the spring.

Well, The Grand Prismatic Spring is truly a natural wonder has a lot to live up to and this huge hot spring in Yellowstone Park is more than up to the task with its bright rainbow ring of colors. The Grand Prismatic Spring is one of America's most striking sites to look at, just don't touch as the boiling heat could likely melt skin from bone, mixing blood red into the deep blue.  Without any doubt this is one of the coolest things to see if you're in Yellowstone, absolutely stunning, definitely worth a visit. Because the springs have some beautiful colors surrounding it, which you’ve often see in your life.  This is truly a breathtaking place and even sunlight is a huge part in seeing the vivacity of the colors, wait out the clouds if you can!

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