The strange Goseck Circle is also known as the Goseck Henge, a Neolithic Circle Structure, perhaps one of the oldest solar observatories in the world. The site is located in Goseck in Burgenlandkreis district of Saxony Anhalt in Germany. The Goseck Circle is known Circular Enclosures associated with the Central European Neolithic. The Goseck Circle comprises a set of concentric ditches almost 75 meters across and two palisade rings containing gates in places aligned with sunrise and sunset on the solstice days.
It is thought to be built dated to c. 4900 BC, and remained useless until 4600 BC. Therefore, Excavators are keen interested to know the purpose of Goseck Circle, have found the remains of ritual fires, animals human bones, headless skeleton adjacent to south eastern gate. So, many researchers believed, that place could be interpreted as traces of human sacrifice or specific burial ritual. Hence there is no sign of fire or of other destruction. Moreover place was abandoned is not confirmed, however later on villagers built a defensive moat following the ditches of the old enclosure. The Goseck ring is one of best preserved structures built at around the same time. Therefore archaeologists generally agree that Goseck circle was built to observation of the course of the Sun in the course of the solar year. Thus, traces of original configuration disclose, Goseck Ring comprises of four concentric circles a mound, a ditch, and two wooden palisades.
In 1991, local surveyors found the structure accidentally, by taking aerial photographs of the area, and then they’ve spotted a gargantuan circular ridge like structure underneath a wheat field. However, in 2002, a major excavation was found palisades had three gates, one facing north, one facing southwest and third one facing southeast. You cannot say it’s a unique circle, as there’re hundreds of similar circles have been found in Austria, Germany and Czech Republic. Therefore, The Goseck Ring is the largest one and well preserved one.
Moreover more than two hundred and fifty circular ditches have been found with the help of aerial surveys. Another very noteworthy point is that, both Goseck Circle and Stonehenge are on same latitude. The wooden palisades were reconstructed before it was opened to public in 2005. Goseck Circle reveal that how ancient people were sophistication and capable of to measure time, date and years. The solar observatory have unique milestone in astronomical history and challenge the stereotypes in archeological. Source: Charismatic Planet