Bukhara is one of most attractive and legendary cities of world, where Kalyan minaret is a minaret of the Po-i-Kalyan mosque complex in Bukhara, Uzbekistan. It is most prominent landmarks in the city, which had been captured and destroys several times and restored again. Anyone can get general idea of the city by having upstairs in the Kalyan Minaret situated in the territory of Pio-Kalyan complex. The beautiful minaret actually is designed by Bako, and it was built by the Qarakhanid ruler Muhammad Arslan Khan in 1127 to summon Muslims to offer prayer five times a day. It is made in the form of a circular-pillar baked brick tower, narrowing upwards.
The minaret is 149.61 ft high and the body of the minaret is topped by a rotunda with 16 arched fenestrations, from which the muezzins summoned the Muslims in the city to prayer. The minaret is also famous as the “Tower of Death” because until as recently as the early twentieth century criminals were executed by being thrown from the top. This is most remarkable sightseeing of Bukhara, which was served as a lighthouse for the caravans going through a desert.
The Minaret has real greatness, when forces of Genghis Khan entered in the ancient city destroying everything on their way, the great commander's cap fell when he had raised the head to look round the minaret. He said: "Such great that forced me to take off the cap!" Genghis Khan gave credit for its superiority and didn't destroy. There is a brick spiral staircase that twists up inside around the pillar to the rotunda. The tower base has narrow ornamental strings belted across it made of bricks which are placed in both straight and diagonal fashion. The frieze is covered with a blue glaze with inscriptions.
In the ancient war times, the warriors normally used the minaret as a watch tower to observatory the enemies. The Kalyan Minaret is still dominates the skyline of Bukhara, surprising all who see it with its wonderful and flawless shape. The minaret is famous, and startlingly recent, use was for public execution, where those condemned to die were thrown from the rotunda at the top to the stone courtyard below. The last recognized execution took place in the late 1920,s during the Russian Revolution. If you’re travelling to Bukhara Uzbekistan, then spare lot of time for sightseeing, and we’d be sure you wouldn’t want to miss out the top attractions of Kalyan Minaret.